The Royal Palace in Constanta was the first royal residence on the Black Sea. The construction began in 1902, and was completed in 1906.
Carol I’s palace has a basement, a ground floor, a first floor and an attic. The windows and doors are stand from one another due to their well-profiled frames. The main access to the Palace is marked by a gazebo, in the central axis of the building which is equipped with a balcony. The sober style was requested by the King and adopted by the designers. The specific elements of exterior decoration are just a few. Initially, the main facade overlooked a small square, beautifully decorated with cubic granite stone, flowers and ornamental shrubs.
The southern facade of the Royal Palace has two long terraces, closed with wrought iron metal joinery. This is a classical element of the beautiful Art Nouveau style. The other entrance to the building, the eastern one, is also marked by a porch specific to Neo-Romantism.
Inside, beautiful oil frescoes adorned the official reception rooms and some of the king’s personal offices. The lavish receptions were the delight of the higher class and the local elites from that time. For the King, holding banquettes there was a way of founding out the ammount of support the Crown had for certain policies.
The Palace served as a Royal residence for only a decade. The last royal summer of the Palace was that of June 1916, a few days and weeks before the end of the peace and the beginning of the First World War. In October 1916, after Dobrogea’s occupation of German, Bulgarian and Ottoman troops, the Royal Palace in Constanta became the official residence of Marshal Mackensen and the headquarters of the German military administration of the province. When the Germans left the palace in the autumn of 1918, in a way, the royal history of the building stopped there. In 1922, King Ferdinand and Queen Maria gave up the Royal Palace in Constanta, the building entering thus the administration of the Ministry of Justice. In exchange for two million lei, the royal family agreed, in 1924, to open the halls of the County Court here. The entry of Romania into the Second World War changed the purpose of the former royal residence yet again. For a time, the building was the headquarters of the Romanian military command from the summer of 1941. The building was then requisitioned in September 1944 by the Red Army which administered it until its departure in 1958. The palace also functioned as a design workshop, the Pioneers’ House and the Art Museum’s warehouse.Since 1977, the Palace has been on a steady decline of degradation. In March 1990, by a decision of the Constanta’s City Hall, the former residence of King Carol I and Queen Elizabeth received again the seat of the Court.