The Grain Elevator “Anghel Saligny”

Located in berths 17-18, the silos were designed by Anghel Saligny following the plans of the architect Petre Antonescu. The initial project provided for the erection of 5 buildings: 4 silo and a cereal dryer. In the end, only 3 silos were built together with the dryer. The buildings are made of brick and metal structure, with a height of 44.6 meters, and used the most advanced techniques at the time.

For the beginning of the 20th century, the silos were very impressive and were able to dominate the aspect of the port platform. Saligny resorted to the experience of building the silo from Braila and Galati. The first two bodies were made under his direct management, and were put into operation with the inauguration of the port, on September 27, 1909. According to Anghel Saligny’s conception, each warehouse had to contain 250 compartments of reinforced concrete, with a total capacity of about 30,000 tons of cereals. The practical flow of a warehouse, upon receipt, was calculated at 125 tons / hour, and at the delivery of 200 tons / hour. The large number of compartments and their smaller diameter mean that, when loading the silo with grain of wheat, barley, corn, etc., they do not crush at the impact with the walls nor during storage, by pressing the walls of the silo.  The practical flow of a warehouse, upon receipt, was calculated at 125 tons / hour, and at the delivery of 200 tons / hour.

Regarding the appearance of the silo the concept of the arrangement in two pairs is important.At a height of 23 meters above the sea level, in the middle of the central side of the quadrilateral is an important basin built by Saligny. The facades, built in neoclassical style, have seven pillars plastered with stone dust, the panels between them being of brick.

These historical monuments have lived on and been a sight to the port of Constant for more than a century, being thus a testimony to their resistance and utility.The silos have undergone a process of modernization and rehabilitation through a program funded by European funds, which will serve the Romanian economy for a long period of time.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *