The remains of the ancient city of Tomis

Traces of urban life can be viewed through-out the entire peninsula, but due to modern expansion, we are left only with a few traces on the land near the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, also framed by the streets of the Archdiocese, the 1989 Revolution and Elisabeta Boulevard. The dwelling areas for the Greek period can be found beyond the Ovidiu Square (being delimitated the streets Dimitrie Cantemir and Petru Rares) while for the Romann and Roman-Byzantine period were beyond these limits, all the way up to Ferdinand Boulevard.

The Cathedral Park shows the level of urbanism of the ancient Tomis most clearly, due to the good visibility of the housing system , the rectangular street plot and even the sewer system. The streets are paved with patterned stone and contain drainage channels in the middle. The houses are arranged in the form of rectangular arches and each one of them displayed furnace and pits of provisions. The road has a southwest-northeast direction with the other direction being perpendicular to it. The buildings on Str. The archbishops, although aligned with the street, have deep oblique walls, which shows that they were used by the foundations of the ancient houses set in the same directions. In The area between the streets of the Archdiocese, Dr. Cantacuzino, N. Titulescu and Elisabeta Boulevard, the portion of land between the Cathedral and the Bishopric, the intersection of Str. Dr. Cantacuzino with Str. Maior Sontu, Dr. Cantacuzino intersection with Str. Revolution of 1989, but also more remote areas,such as on Str. 1989 Revolution no. 3-5, on Str. Marc Aureliu near Ovidiu Square, on Str. Sulmona no. 7, at the intersection of Str. Mircea cel Batran with Str. Sulmona (and in general, where new blocks were built and meticulous archaeological research could be done), the foundations of the ancient houses keep the same directions, which demonstrates a high degree of ancient urbanism.
In general, several layers were observed in the same area. When investigating the time period when these homes were built, clues can be found in the remains discovered during the excavations made for the archbishop’s garages. The digging here reveals 10 levels, starting from the second half of the 6th century BC. (Greek period) to the most recent – century. VI d. Hr. (Byzantine period). Here, in 2001, as a result of requesting the approval for the construction of an underground garage on Arhiepiscopiei street no. 23 from Constanta, there were discovered several walls which are in a direct continuation of those from the other side of the cathedral. The land has an area of approx. 450 square meters, is delimited by Revolutiei street from December 22, 1989 to the east, Archiepiscopiei street to the west, St. Peter and Paul Cathedral to the south and the Episcopal Palace to the north. After the clearing of the land from the modern thick earth layers, 6 sections were drawn, oriented E-V. The 10 successive layers of constructions were thus highlighted, starting from the Greek era – where the level is well dated through archaic Greek ceramics (remnants of Chios amphorae, vessels with black figures), handmade native ceramics and arrowheads – until the late-Roman period whose level is best kept in terms of housing structures resulting in most of the houses built during this period being identified. The street is also visible and it contains large limestone tiles.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *